Since his departure, the UK has had no say in the EU institutions. Citizens of the United Kingdom are therefore also excluded from participating in European citizens` initiatives, they do not have the right to vote in local elections in other EU countries or in elections to the European Parliament, and you do not stand for election. Ministers say legislation is needed to prevent “damaging” tariffs on goods travelling from the rest of the UK to Northern Ireland if negotiations with the EU for a free trade agreement fail. The agreement defines the goods, services and processes associated with them. Any provision of goods or services legally put on the market before leaving the EU may be made available to consumers in the UK or in the EU Member States (Article 40-41). On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. VAT applies to goods traded between the EU and the UK. By derogation from previous articles, the title allows access to the information systems necessary for the application or treatment of VAT (Article 51). The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. The amendments fit about 5% of the text.
 The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting 2020 implementing laws (Eu-17 Withdrawal Act (Withdrawal Agreement) 2020. Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020.  The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after approval by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The UK`s withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, when the withdrawal agreement came into force in accordance with Article 185. The most important elements of the draft agreement are:  With regard to the Irish border issue, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal that will only come into force if no other valid solution is presented before the end of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed.  If the law is passed, it is an “extremely serious violation” of the withdrawal agreement and international law, Eefsovic said.
In October 2019, the BRITISH government adopted the long-awaited European law (withdrawal agreement) (the “WAB” in October). In October, the WAB reportedly ratified and implemented the UK`s EU withdrawal agreement.